THE GARDEN CITY MOVEMENT, STARTED IN ENGLAND, led to Charles Reade being appointed as South Australia's first town planner in 1916.
Reade also guided South Australia to become the first Australian state to introduce planning laws under the Town Planning and Development Act 1920.
As a major advocate of the garden cities movement, Reade planned and started the first South Australian garden suburb of Colonel Light Gardens. The garden city ideal in Australia promoted residential planning along the lines of detached housing, gardens and parks and tree-lined streets. Colonel Light Gardens is now the main example in Australia of a 1920s garden suburb.
From a promising start, town planning lost its impetus when Reade left Australia and it stayed passive after World War II.
Walter Scott Griffiths, an associate of Reade, followed him as South Australia's town planner from 1925 until his death in 1929. Griffiths put an entry in 1912 to the international competition, won by Walter Burley Griffin, to design Canberra.
Griffiths tried to maintain the ideal of the garden suburb. He brought garden-city ideas to the design the Bellevue Township, now Pasedena, bounded by Goodwood Road, Gunther Parade and Fitzgerald Road, in the mid 1920s. (Pasadena was possibly named after the Californian city where there is also a Bellevue Drive.)
But garden-city principles lost out to practicalities of providing enough homes for an expanding population.