THE GARDEN CITY MOVEMENT, STARTED IN ENGLAND, led to Charles Reade being appointed as the state’s first town planner in 1916.
Reade also guided South Australia in becoming the Australian first state to introduce planning laws under the Town Planning and Development Act 1920.
As a major advocate of the garden cities movement, Reade planned and established the first South Australian garden suburb of Colonel Light Gardens.
The garden city ideal in Australia promoted residential planning along the lines of detached housing, gardens and parks and tree-lined streets. Colonel Light Gardens is now the main example in Australia of a 1920s garden suburb.
After a promising start, town planning lost its impetus when Reade left Australia and it remained in a passive state after World War II.
Walter Scott Griffiths was an associate of Reade's and went on to succeed him as South Australia's town planner from 1925 until his death in 1929. Griffiths was also connected with national works. He submitted an entry in 1912 to the international competition, won by Walter Burley Griffin, to design Canberra.
Griffiths tried to maintain the ideal of the garden suburb.
He brought garden-city ideas to the design the Bellevue Township, now called Pasedena, bounded by Goodwood Road, Gunther Parade and Fitzgerald Road, in the mid 1920s. (Pasadena was possibly named after the city in California. There is also a Bellevue Drive in Pasadena.)
But the garden-city principles lost out when the practicalities of providing enough homes for an expanding population took over.