PORTLAND, OREGON, USA, INSPIRED ANOTHER TRANSFORMING ASPECT of Adelaide in 2007: the first new tramline to operate since most of the metropolitan network were ripped up in the 1950s.
(Among other influences, Portland was the model for South Australia’s container deposit recycling scheme.)
A visit in 2003 impressed then-premier Mike Rann with the environment and economic benefits that flowed from Portland’s trams.
His government’s $21 million decision to extend the Glenelg tramline down King William Street and North Terrace to the railway station brought the first new tram line in South Australia since the 1920s. That 1.2km track was later extended to the entertainment centre on Port Road, Hindmarsh.
The historic trams used on the Glenelg line were retained briefly before being replaced by “super" trams. These were the first Adelaide trams since in the 1930s.
In 2018, an extension of the tramline one kilometre east along North Terrace to the old Royal Adelaide Hospital site was completed after technical delays. Added to this was a new $20 million section of tramline, north along King William Road, to the Festival Centre. This work was to ensure no interruptions to the busy North Terrace-King William Road intersection, when a possible future extension to Prospect went ahead.
The incoming state Liberal government in 2018 wasn't enthusiastic about a proposed AdeLINK tram network back into the suburbs but it allocated $37 million to allow trams to turn right from King William Street into North Terrace.
HORSE-DRAWN GOOLWA-TO-PORT ELLIOT SERVICE FIRST RAILWAY FROM 1854
Among 19th Century rail lines built out through the suburbs, two train services linked Adelaide city and Glenelg from the 1880s until 1927. In the 1870s, the government approved Adelaide and Suburban Railway Company opening a line (on the present tram route) from Glenelg to South Terrace and later Victoria Square. Ten years later, Holdfast Bay Railway Company started a competing line from North Terrace to Glenelg. With profits hit, in 1882, they merged as Glenelg Railway Company. The two Glenelg trains were taken over by the government’s Municipal Tramways Trust in 1927. Throughout 1928-1929, the South Terrace train line was electrified as Adelaide-Glenelg tramway. The North Terrace train line closed in 1929 and was expected to be electrified but this never happened. Today’s Gawler Central suburban line opened to Smithfield in 1857 and was extended to the copper mining towns of Kapunda (1860) and Burra (1870). Adelaide to Bridgewater rail line was built in 1883 but Belair to Bridgwater closed in 1987. Woodville to Grange, an offshoot of the Port Adelaide line, came in 1882 with Grange to Henley Beach built in 1894 but dismantled in 1957. Goodwood-to-Marino line in 1913 was extended to Hallett Cove in 1915, to Christie Downs in 1976, to Noarlunga Centre in 1978 and to Seaford in 2014. Woodlands Park-to-Tonsley, an offshoot of Adelaide-to-Seaford, was opened in 1966 but, since the 1950s, six lines have closured.
TOWN OF TEROWIE THRIVES OUT OF NEED TO SERVICE RAIL GAUGE BREAKS
BIG-THINKING AMERICAN BROUGHT IN DURING THE 1920s
IN 1978, FEDERAL GOVERNMENT TAKES OVER, THEN SHUTS, COUNTRY SERVICES
Great Southern Rail operates the three major interstate trains – The Ghan to Alice Springs and Darwin, The Overland to Melbourne, the Indian Pacific to Sydney and Perth – through the Parklands Railway Terminal at Keswick. Today, The Ghan goes on to Darwin on a track completed in 2004. When South Australia administered the Northern Territory in the 19th Century, it financed the original North Australia Railway on a narrow gauge from Palmerston (now Darwin) to Pine Creek, opened in 1889.
AUSTRALIA'S TRAM ERA STARTS IN ADELAIDE IN 1870s.
MUNICIPAL TRAMWAYS TRUST (MTT) DISBANDED
METROPOLITAN TRAINS AND TRAMS NETWORK INCOMPLETE
STRONG LEVEL OF CARE FOR HERITAGE OF TRAINS AND TRAMS
Peterborough’s Steamtown Heritage Rail Centre keeps alive the memory of the town’s was once major trains activity where more than 100 steam locomotives passed through each day on their way to all parts of Australia. At nearby Quorn, the Pichi Richi Railway Preservation Society of volunteers presents living railway history with its railway journeys through Pichi Richi Pass. Terowie is a ghost-town memorial to when it was a huge hub for trans-shipping goods from broad to narrow gauge