ADELAIDEAZ connects vertical and horizontal threads of Adelaide and South Australian culture in the context of past, present and future. It explores how a small city, as capital of a state often
mistakenly perceived as a dry, poor and empty backwater, has so many extraordinary, often exceptional, patterns running through the tapestry of its A-to-Z categories.
Frances Margaret Anderson, who made her acting debut as a teenager with Adelaide Repertory theatre company, had an international career in stage, film and television, honoured with two Emmy awards, a Tony award, and nominations for a Grammy and an Academy award (for her role in Rebecca) as Judith Anderson. Born in Adelaide in 1897 and educated at Rose Park, she made her professional acting debut, aged 17, at Sydney’s Theatre Royal. Trying her luck in the USA, she made her Broadway debut in On the stairs in 1922. Anderson started in films with a supporting role in Blood money (1933), followed by Rebecca (1940), Otto Preminger's Laura (1944), Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958), A man called Horse (1970) and Star Trek III (1982). On stage, Anderson played Lady MacBeth in notable productions with the Old Vic Company in London opposite Laurence Olivier and in New York opposite Maurice Evans. In 1948, Anderson won a Tony for best actress in Medea with John Gielgud. Anderson was guest of the 1966 Adelaide Festival of Arts doing excerpts from Medea and MacBeth. At 73, Anderson played Hamlet in a USA tour. An Off-Broadway theatre was named after Anderson in 1984. She was given a Living Legacy Award by the Women's International Centre in 1986. Anderson's ashes are buried at the Adelaide Festival Centre.
As a young girl, Greta Bradman went to her grandparents' Kensington Park house every day after school where she was surrounded by her grandfather’s passion for music. Don Bradman had been a boy soprano in his school choir and played piano. At the Bradman centenary dinner in 2015, Greta sang his 1930 composition “Every day is a rainbow day for me”. Greta's grandmother Jessie Bradman was also musical, her father was a talented jazz musician and her maternal grandfather an opera singer. Greta studied music at Elder Conservatorium when she was also a soloist and member of Adelaide Chamber Singers. She won the Australian International Opera Award in 2013-14 allowing her to move to Cardiff to train with the Wales International Academy of Voice. From there, Richard Bonynge selected Bradman to sing the title role in a performance of Handel’s Rodelinda in 2014. Greta Bradman has recorded for Sony, ABC Classics and independently.
The Christmas pageant – the biggest parade of its kind in the world – is an Adelaide tradition born in 1933 from an idea of Mr Bill (Edward Hayward), chairman of John Martin’s department store. The pageant has been staged every year (except during World War II) through the city centre on the second Saturday morning of November. Inspired by the Toronto Santa Claus Parade and Macy’s Thanksgiving Day parade, Hayward decided to mark the lifting of the Depression – and only two years after the Beef Riots in Adelaide – with a parade of fairy tale and nursery rhyme characters leading Father Christmas to John Martin’s store. From its start with just eight floats and four bands has grown to attracting crowds up to 400,000 and being televised nationally to millions more from 2015. The 2018 parade had 63 floats, 15 bands, 250-plus clowns, nine walking sets,11 dance groups and four choirs. With the closing of John Martin’s store in 1998, the pageant has been owned and managed by the state government, and supported by the credit unions of South Australia for 23 years.
St Peter’s Cathedral at North Adelaide was the vision of Henry Butterfield, who is credited with starting the high Victorian gothic era of English architecture. Adelaide’s Anglican bishop Augustus Short selected Butterfield in the 1860s to design St Peter’s but delays in getting Butterfield’s drawings from England meant that Edward John Woods from Wright, Woods and Hamilton had to guide the project. Woods – influenced by the French gothic of Eugene Viollet-le-Duc – changed some of Butterfield’s ideas for design but also the materials. From the foundation stone – out of Glen Ewin quarry – onwards, the cathedral’s look was influenced by local materials such as Tea Tree Gully sandstone, from what is now Anstey Hill Recreation Park, or Glen Osmond stone. Adelaide materials created elements of a distinctive look for the colony’s early buildings. Limestone from quarries along the River Torrens was used for Government House, Adelaide Gaol, old parliament house, Holy Trinity Church and the Catholic bishop’s house on the West Terrace-Grote Street corner. Quarries in the Adelaide parklands provided plentiful clay for red bricks. Bluestone, from Glen Osmond, O’Halloran Hill and Dry Creek, was popular from the 1850s to 1920. The interior of the stone is usually pale grey or beige but is given coloured surfaces by ferric oxide and other minerals in joints and bedding planes. Parliament House, on the corner of North Terrace and King William Street, was built with Kapunda marble and granite from West Island off Fleurieu Peninsula.
The South Australian Film Corporation’s first Aboriginal Screen Strategy (2015-20) supported Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander filmmakers. The strategy was designed to grow and support the stories and creative voices of the Aboriginal screen sector and to develop skills and knowledge in filmmaking through production, mentoring and partnerships. The corporation set up Pirrku Kuu (The Story Room) at Adelaide Studios in Glenside as a hub for Aboriginal filmmakers’ work. The strategy was guided by corporation’s Lee-Ann Buckskin and then-chief executive Annabelle Sheehan. The film corporation’s Aboriginal advisory committee members for the strategy were • Erica Glynn (Arrente), director of TV’s Black Comedy, graduate of Australian Film Television and Radio School, whose short film My Bed, Your Bed was an international success and her documentaries include A Walk with Words with Romaine Morton and Ngangkari about traditional healers of the Central Desert region. • Major Sumner, an honoured Ngarrindjeri elder from the Coorong and Lower Lakes in South Australia. • Derik Lynch (Yankunytjatjara), who grew up in small town camp in Alice Springs. starred alongside of Trevor Jamieson in the theatre play Namatjira that toured England and Rotterdam; screen credits include Black Comedy and Deadline Gallipoli. • Natasha Wanganeen (Narungga), with film credits including Rabbit Proof Fence (2002), Black and White (2002), Australian Rules (2002) and, on television, Redfern Now (2013) and ABC’s The Secret River 2013).
Major Sumner has been active in both the ancient Aboriginal and modern spheres during the 21st Century in South Australia. A Greens party candidate for both the Australian parliament’s senate and the Adelaide Hills seat of Mayo, Sumner has been a world renowned performer and cultural ambassador for the arts, crafts, martial arts and culture of the Ngarrindjeri, traditional Aboriginal people of South Australia’s lower Murray River, western Fleurieu Peninsula and the Coorong. His work spans performance, traditional dance and song, cultural advice, and arts and crafts, such as wood carving, and martial arts techniques using his handcrafted traditional shields, clubs, boomerangs and spears. He also is a strong supporter of innovative art and has featured in many media productions and cultural collaborations. In 2011, Sumner crafted the first Ngarrindjeri bark canoe on Ngarrindjeri/ Boandik country for more than 100 years, reconnecting with traditional canoe-building while using a high-tech cherry picker to get up the tree. In 201, he initiated the inaugural Ringbalin Murrundi Rover Spirit project, reigniting the ceremonial fires along ancient trade routes of the Darling and Murray rivers. Sumner has served as a Ngarrindjeri Regional Authority board member, as board member of Black Dance Australia, Tal Kin Jeri dance group artistic director and on the advisory group for the South Australian Film Corporation’s Aboriginal film strategy. Sumner was involved in bringing ancestral remains from London and Scotland back to Ngarrindjeri country. He is a member of the World Council of Elders.
Mario Andreacchio is an Adelaide independent outsider film maker who has blazed new ground in international links from the 1980s and into the 21st Century. Through his Norwood-based AMPCO (Australian Motion Picture Company) Films, he has directed feature films, TV specials, telemovies, children's miniseries and documentaries. After working with investors from Germany, France, the United Kingdom, South Africa, Canada and Japan, Andreacchio threw himself into the first Australian co-production with China: the children’s film The dragon pearl in 2011. Australian actor Sam Neill played a lead role but Andreacchio impressed the Chinese by making a dragon the star of the film. Adapting to the Chinese ways of doing things, Andreacchio has joined other Chinese co productions including romantic comedy Tying the knot and action film Shimalaya. Born to Italian migrants in South Australia’s then-coal mining town of Leigh Creek, Andreacchio studied experimental physics then psychology before switching to film at Flinders University and ending at the Australian Film Television and Radio School. Andreacchio ventured into featured films in the 1980s with Captain Johnno (1988) winning an International Emmy. Another successful children's film, Napoleon, the adventures of a golden retriever pup and parrot friend Birdo Lucci, was a venture with Japanese company Herald Ace. Sally Marshall is not an alien (1999), an Canadian-Australian co-production, had strong reviews and was the second highest grossing Australian film of the year.
Hotel Mumbai, directed and co-written by Adelaide’s Anthony Maras, was one of the biggest film productions to come out of South Australia, released in 2019 with a world premiere at Toronto International Film Festival. Hotel Mumbai delves into the story of the 2008 Mumbai terrorist attacks. The thriller focuses on the Taj Mahal Palace Hotel. Maras did copious research to produce the film. Hotel Mumbai was mostly shot at Adelaide Studios and partly funded by the Adelaide Film Festival where it had another premiere. English actor Dev Patel, known best for starring in Slumdog Millionaire and Lion, was a lead in Hotel Mumbai along with Adelaide's Tilda Cobham-Hervey. Anthony Maras’s earlier short film The Palace was a multi-award winner. It won best short film at other film festivals and awards ceremonies including the 2012 Beverly Hills Film Festival (also best director), 2011 Sydney Film Festival 2011, Melbourne International Film Festival (best Australian short film), 2012 Flickerfest International Festival of Short Films (best Australian short film), 2011 IF Awards (rising talent), 2012 Shorts Film Festival, 2012 Australian Film Festival and 2011 Adelaide Film Festival (audience award). It won best screenplay in a short film at the 2012 Australian Academy of Cinema and Television Arts (AACTA) awards. This marked Maras’s third AACTA Award, having won best short fiction film for his Spike Up. He was nominated for the same award for his first film Azadi. Maras was an associate producer on Last ride (2009), debut feature of Palme d'Or-winning director Glendyn Ivin and starring Hugo Weaving.
Bruna Papandrea, who grew up in a housing trust home in Elizabeth, can claim to be one of Adelaide’s greatest Hollywood achiever with her producing role in the Big little lies series that won six Emmy awards in 2017. Papandrea moved to New York City in the 1990s after starting a career in film production. She briefly returned to Australia to produce the 2000 film Better than sex, nominated for the AFI best film award, before going to London in 2001. She served as a production executive at Mirage Enterprises and returned to New York to work for GreeneStreet independent films as a creative director. She was executive producer of the 2006 romantic comedy Wedding daze before joining another independent Groundswell Productions in Los Angeles in 2006. She produced Smart people (2008), Milk (2008), The Marc Pease experience (2009) and All good things (2010) and zombie comedy Warm bodies (2013), starring Adelaide’s Teresa Palmer. In 2012, Papandrea and actress Reese Witherspoon founded the Pacific Standard company in Beverley Hills, focusing on films made by and about women. Their first projects were Gone girl and Wild (2014), from book rights bought by Papandrea and Witherspoon. In 2016, their partnership but they completed work on HBO's Big little lies. The series’ six Emmy awards was the biggest haul for the team of Australians who wrote, produced and starred in it. Big little lies won best miniseries and Paradrea was on stage with Nicole Kidman to collect her best actress award. In 2015, Papandrea received the Australians in Film International Award.
Don Bradman was a keen musician: a boy soprano in his school choir, a skilled pianist, and he composed music. He recorded several solo piano pieces at Columbia Record Studios during the 1930 tour to England. Later that year, a song written for piano by Don Bradman called “Every day is a rainbow day for me” had its premiere performance at the Grand Opera House in the presence of the touring West Indian team. His granddaughter Greta sang that song at the Bradman centenary dinner in Sydney in 2015. When Greta Bradman was young, she and brother Tom went to her grandparents' Kensington Park house every day after school where she was surrounded by her piano-playing grandfather’s passion for music, especially the soprano voice. They would also listen to his big collection of LPs.Greta studied music at Adelaide University’s Elder Conservatorium when she was also a member of Adelaide Chamber Singers, the winner of consecutive Choir of the World awards.Greta Bradman has won critics choice awards including APRA/AMCOS Performance of the Year (2013) and OzCart awards. Nominated for Helpmann, MusicOz and ARIA awards, she received Australian International Opera Award in 2013-14 allowing her to train with the Wales International Academy of Voice. Richard Bonynge selected Bradman to sing the title role in a performance of Handel’s Rodelinda in 2014. Greta Bradman has recorded for Sony, ABC Classics and independently.
Adelaide Symphony Orchestra had been the crowning glory of South Australian music since 1936. The state’s largest performing arts organisation, the orchestra has built a reputation for vitality and versatility and won international acclaim. Besides delivering performances to more than 90,000 each season, the orchestra has increasingly extended its audiences and activities beyond the concert hall. These include the Out of the CBD series and regular broadcasts on ABC Classic FM radio. Adelaide Symphony’s comprehensive Learning Series for schools and families symphony directly reached more than 16,000 children. In 1998 and 2004, the orchestra gained international attention for its role in the first fully Australian production of Richard Wagner’s The Ring in 2004. It was involved in Adelaide Festival’s 2017 staging of Barrie Kosky’s opera Saul and the Australian premiere Brett Dean’s opera Hamlet (2018). Delivering diverse and colourful programming with leading international and Australian musicians, it has enjoyed successful performances with such artists as Ben Folds, Tim Minchin and the Hilltop Hoods. In 2015, the orchestra and Hilltop Hoods reprised their collaboration to record Drinking From The Sun, Walking Under Stars Restrung. Adelaide Symphony Orchestra showcases new music and Australian premieres. It as madeinternational tours, including China, Korea, Singapore and Carnegie Hall in New York, and plays a vital role in the Adelaide Festival Adelaide Cabaret Festival, OzAsia Festival, WOMADelaide, State Opera of South Australia and Australian Ballet.
The Angels, one of Australia’s most brilliant rock bands in the 1970s, began in Adelaide as the Moonshine Jug and String Band, a folk band featuring banjo, violin, harp, jug and tea-chest bass, with John Brewster, his brother Rick, Craig Holden, Bob Petchell and Pete Thorpe. They were joined next year by Belfast-born immigrant Bernard “Doc” Neeson on guitar and lead vocals. They played at university campuses and cafes. Holden left in 1972 and Spencer Tregloan joined on banjo, kazoo, jug, tuba and backing vocals. Their debut extended play, Keep you on the move, made top five in Adelaide. In 1974 came the single “That’s all right with me” and name change to Keystone Angels with a switch to electric instruments and 1950s rock at pubs. Personnel changes and disputes became a blight on the band. Beefing up to hard rock, the Keystone Angels (later the Angels) supported AC/DC's 1975 South Australian tour. Bon Scott and Malcolm Young from AC/DC recommended the Angels to Alberts records. The Angels' first single, “Am I ever gonna see your face again” (1976) was produced by Vanda and Young and written by the Brewsters and Neeson. By 1978, the Angels were Australia's highest-paid band, attracting record crowds. Neeson brought a theatrical edge as the band added punk/new wave to high-energy metal. The Angels’ top-10 albums were No exit (1979), Dark room (1980), Night attack (1981), Two minute warning (1984), Howling (1986) and Beyond salvation (1990). They were inducted into ARIA Hall of Fame in 1998 but effectively ended when Neeson left in 2000.
Cold Chisel became an epic Australian pub-rock music success from its start in Adelaide in 1973 as a heavy-metal cover band called Orange. Singer Jimmy Barnes and drummer Steve Prestwich brought the working class UK immigrant background from the northern suburbs. Barnes’ older brother John Swan was in Cold Chisel in the mid 1970s, providing backing vocals and percussion but was fired after violent incidents. In 1977, when Cold Chisel was moving to Sydney from Melbourne, Barnes wanted to quit to join Swan in a hard-rocking blues band called Feather. But a farewell performance in Sydney went so well the singer changed his mind and Warner Music Group picked up Cold Chisel. In 1978, Cold Chisel recorded its self-titled debut album. Soon after, the song “Khe Sanh” was released but was deemed too offensive for commercial radio. It was only played regularly on ABC’s Double J but still reached No.41 on the Australian chart. It was No.4 in Adelaide, thanks to local radio support. Cold Chisel became notorious for wild behaviour, particularly from Barnes, but in 1981, the band won all seven major awards at the Countdown/TV Week music awards. As a protest against a TV magazine being involved in a music awards ceremony, the band refused to accept its awards and, after performing a verse of “My turn to cry”, smashed the set and left the stage. Its album Swingshift debuted at No.1 Australian album, sealing the band’s status as the nation’s biggest-selling act. Barnes launched a solo career in 1984 with nine Australian No. 1 albums and an array of hit singles.
Glenn Shorrock was a founding member of The Twilights, Axiom, Little River Band and its spinoff trio Birtles Shorrock Goble and a solo performer. Shorrock migrated to Adelaide with his family on the Orcades in 1954 when he was 10. Shorrock's first public performance was in 1958 at St Peter's Lutheran hall in Elizabeth when he mimed Elvis Presley’s “All Shook Up”. When the record player stopped, he continued singing and realised he had a good voice. In 1962, Shorrock formed harmony group the Checkmates. As a result of The Beatles’ popularity, the Checkmates and instrumental group The Hurricanes merged as The Twilights, with eight consecutive national hits. When The Twilights disbanded in 1969. Shorrock formed an early Australian supergroup Axiom. It recorded two acclaimed albums and had three top-10 singles but disbanded in the UK in 1971. Shorrock stayed in the UK and recorded his own song “Let's get the band together" in 1971 and a cover of “Rock'n'roll lullaby”. As Andre L'Escargot and His Society Syncopaters, he released “Purple umbrella". He joined the multinational progressive rock band Esperanto and did backing vocals for Cliff Richard. Also in the UK at the time was Australian rock band Mississippi with Beeb Birtles and Graham Goble, both originally from Adelaide where Birtles was in Down the Line that became Zoot. When Birtles reformed Missisippi as the Little River Band, Shorrock joined what became the first Australian band first to achieve major success in the US. Shorrock wrote the hits “Emma”, “Help is on its way” and “Cool change".
The Masters Apprentices started life as an Adelaide surf music instrumental band called The Mustangs in 1964, with Mick Bower on rhythm guitar, Rick Morrison on lead guitar, Brian Vaughton on drums and Gavin Webb on bass guitar. Profoundly influenced by the Beatles in 1964, The Mustangs changed to a beat style and took on a lead singer: Scottish immigrant Jim Keays. They rehearsed in a shed behind a hotel owned by Vaughton’s family. Original manager Graham Longley taped a rehearsal that was released on CD in 2004 as Mustangs to Masters... First Year Apprentices. In 1965, The Mustangs became The Masters Apprentices because “we are apprentices to the masters of the blues – Chuck Berry, Bo Diddley, Jimmy Reed, Elmore James and Robert Johnson." In a heat of Hoadley’s Battle of the Sounds, they finished third behind The Twilights (eventual national winners). The Apprentices shared a gig with pop star Bobby Bright of Melbourne, who recommended them to Astor Records. Their debut single “Undecided”/”Wars or hands of time” climbed the Adelaide charts, thanks to local DJs’ support. “Wars or hands of time” was the first Australian pop song to directly address the Vietnam war. The Masters Apprentices moved to Melbourne in 1967. Keays became a mainstay of the band that had psycjhedelic-rock and wild-bad-boy phases and kept losing personnel. (Lead guitarist Peter Tilbrook from Adelaide band The Bentbeaks joined in 1967.) Their album Choice Cuts received rave reviews in England but the band broke up in 1972.